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Online Journal of Bioinformatics ©
Volume 1 (19):35-40, 2018.
State of the art sensor-based wearables and nanorobotics for life sciences
Emmanuel Bakopoulos1,2, Louis Papageorgiou2,3,4, Vasileios Megalooikonomou1, Dimitrios Vlachakis1,2,4
1Computer Engineering and Informatics Department, School of Engineering, University of Patras, 2Laboratory of Genetics, Department of Biotechnology, School of Food, Biotechnology and Development, Agricultural University of Athens, 3Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, University Campus, Athens, 4Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Center of Clinical, Experimental Surgery and Translational Research, Biomedical Research Foundation of the Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece
Bakopoulos E, Papageorgiou L, Megalooikonomou V, Vlachakis D., State of the art sensor-based wearables and nanorobotics for life sciences, Onl J Bioinform., 1 (19):35-40, 2018. We review current research and development on systems for health monitoring with wearables and nanorobotics. Cameras, smartwatches and nanorobotics can be combined to treat, diagnose and perform surgery. The Internet of Things (IoT) plays a significant role due to real time function, alerts and continuous monitoring. Wearables can provide continuous monitoring of health parameters. Accelerometers measure movement of the body, gyroscopes rotation and orientation, magnetometers magnetism and motion, barometric pressure sensors, pressure and altitude, temperature sensors, skin and ambient temperature, light sensors, solar cell energy, heart rate monitors, blood flow, oxygen sensor, oxygen (O2) in blood, GPS, position for dementia, microphones for mobile and vibration sensors for health alerts, e-mails or calls, and AWS DeepLens video camera. Embedded objects include X-ray, ECG, EEG, MRI, CT, pulse oximeters, glucowatches, electronic defibrillators and microchips. The devices can be used to monitor diabetes, apnea, obesity, sleep disorders cardiovascular diseases, in-hospital monitoring, asthma, arthritis, kidney disease epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, Personal Emergency Response System (PERS) stress and stroke.
Keywords: wearables, IoT, internet of things, nanorobotics, aws deeplens, smartwatch, cloud, sensors.