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Online Journal of Bioinformatics
Volume 19 (2):1235-145, 2018.
Fuzzy Neural Network for Classification of Protein Domains into SCOP Superfamily
UB Angadi1, M Venkatesulu2.
Angadi UB, Venkatesulu M., Fuzzy Neural Network for Classification of Protein Domains into SCOP Superfamily., Onl J Bioinform., 19 (2):135-145, 2018. One of the major research directions in bioinformatics is that of predicting the protein superfamily in large database and classifying a given set of protein domains in superfamilies. The classification reflects the structural, evolutionary and functional relatedness. These relationships are embodied in hierarchical classification such Structural Classification of Protein (SCOP), which is manually curated. Such classification is essential for the structural and functional analysis of proteins. A large numbers of proteins remain unclassified and there is a greater need to develop more efficient, accurate and automated classification methods to cope up with the speed with which new sequences are generated. We propose an unsupervised machine learning fuzzy neural network algorithm to classify a given set of proteins into SCOP superfamilies. The proposed method, construct a similarity matrix from p-values of BLAST all-against-all, train the network with a simple unsupervised max-min fuzzy neural network learning algorithm using the similarity matrix as input vectors and finally the trained network offers SCOP superfamily level classification. The proposed method has compared with other techniques on different datasets and shown that the trained network is able to classify a given set of sequences at high accuracy.
Key words: Protein classification; SCOP; fuzzy neural network; unsupervised learning.